Library of Anti-Disinformation Materials

The CRAAP Test

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CRAAP Test is helpful for the educator and the teacher to find out whether the source related to academics is authentic or not. The CRAAP Test is the acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. It is not easy to find out whether the source is trustworthy to use as a tool of research or not. Sarah Blakeslee has developed the CRAAP Test with her team at California University, Chico.
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CTRL-F: Find the Facts is a program of CIVIX, which is a non-partisan registered Canadian charity dedicated to building the skills and habits of active and informed citizenship among school-aged youth. False and misleading information is rampant online, and people lack the skills and motivation to determine what to trust. To build the next generation of informed citizens, we need to adopt new ways to teach digital media literacy and source evaluation.
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Mount Allison University

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This guide was developed in concert with Fighting Fake News: Tips for Aspiring Truth Detectives, a presentation on fake news delivered by Sociology Professor Erin Steuter and Librarian Jeff Lilburn on 3 February 2017. The presentation covered current examples of fake news, why fake news is on the rise, and how it has political consequences. It also provided an overview of tools individuals can use to identify and debunk fake news. This guide includes many of the resources discussed in the presentation.
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How to Spot Fake News

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Critical thinking is a key skill in media and information literacy, and the mission of libraries is to educate and advocate its importance. IFLA has made this infographic with eight simple steps (based on’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News) to discover the verifiability of a given news-piece in front of you. Download, print, translate, and share – at home, at your library, in your local community, and on social media networks. The more we crowdsource our wisdom, the wiser the world becomes.
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